Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health ( SWASTH )

Bihar Technical Assistance Support Team (BTAST)
Government of Bihar initiative supported by Department for International Development, UK

 
 

Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) through the SWASTH programme In Bihar

An assessment of the CLTS models implemented by BTAST, through the SWASTH programme was undertaken to understand the processes followed within each of models. The aim was also to assess the extent to which it was possible to meet the CLTS goal of making the villages Open Defecation Free (ODF).

As per Census 2011, only 18.6 percent of rural households in Bihar have access to toilets and a large number of people still practice open defecation because they cannot afford to build a toilet with their own resources. The Government of Bihar (GoB) had made efforts to tackle this issue first through the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) from 1999. The state government’s efforts were supplementing the Central Government sponsored Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) till 1999. The Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)was replaced by the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) from 2012-2014, which has been subsequently re-named as the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA).

In order to address Bihar’s sanitation issues, the Bihar Technical Assistance Support Team (BTAST) has been supporting the GoB in implementing the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach through the UK Department for International Development supported Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health (SWASTH) programme. As a part of these efforts four different ways of implementation or four models of CLTS were adopted so that evidence generated from field level experiences could help the Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) to take forward sanitation activities in the most suitable manner.

An assessment of the CLTS models implemented by BTAST, through the SWASTH programme was undertaken to understand the processes followed within each of models. The aim was also to assess the extent to which it was possible to meet the CLTS goal of making the villages Open Defecation Free (ODF).